Single Tooth Extraction
Most single tooth extractions are due to toothaches. Teeth also need to be removed for the following reasons:
- Dental decay
- Loose tooth (peridontal disease)
- Fractured teeth
- Impaction (unerupted)
- Retained primary (baby) teeth
- Abscessed (infected and painful).
- Dentist is unable to restore (fix) the tooth.
Single tooth extractions are often performed in the clinic with freezing (local Anesthesia.) For patients that are nervous or fearful (Dental Phobia), various forms of sedation may be used including laughing gas (nitrous oxide) or intravenous sedation. For severe cases, general anesthesia (fully asleep) is also an option.
Multiple extractions including full clearance
Removal of multiple teeth is often performed under general anesthesia in the clinic. This includes the use of local anesthesia once you are asleep. This may be performed in the clinic with the help of medical anesthetists. If your health or age is an issue, these extractions may be performed in the hospital. Either intravenous sedation or general anesthesia is used to ensure patient comfort. These hospital procedures are same day outpatient procedures. Admission overnight is extremely rare.
Alveoplasty is a common procedure performed when two or more adjacent teeth are removed. This is the process of creating smooth bone surface. This is of importance when all the teeth are removed and dentures are to be inserted. This procedures reduces sharp spots and helps the bone to heal quicker. Vertical reduction alveoplasty is performed for dental implant procedures. This involves reducing the height of the jaw ridges in order to create a solid wide base to place the implants. It is also performed to create the vertical clearance required for both removable implant retained dentures and permanent fixed teeth on implants.
Tori and Exostosis
A Torus is a bony protuberance that originates from the hard palate or the inside of the upper and lower jaws. This is normal bone that requires removal for the proper fit of dentures. Exostosis are bony protuberances of the outside surface of the upper and lower jaws. These are also removed for proper fit of dentures.